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Solid waste management

     Solid waste management is one of the major challenges faced by many countries around the globe. Inadequate collection, recycling or treatment and uncontrolled disposal of waste in dumps can lead to severe hazards, such as health risks and environmental pollution.


     Solid waste can broadly be classified into two categories. According to Indian MSW, Rules 2000 "Municipal Solid Waste" includes commercial and domestic wastes generated in a municipal or notified area in either solid or semi-solid form excluding industrial hazardous wastes but including treated bio-medical wastes. Solid waste also includes hazardous waste generated by various industries.

Municipal Solid Waste (MSW) can further be classified into biodegradable waste (such as food and kitchen waste); recyclable materials (such as paper, glass, bottles, metals and certain plastics) and domestic hazardous waste (such as medication, chemicals, light bulbs and batteries). Solid waste management is one of the major challenges faced by many countries around the globe. Inadequate collection, recycling or treatment and uncontrolled disposal of waste in dumps can lead to severe hazards, such as health risks and environmental pollution.